Singapore's Terminal 3 opens
Extension includes world's largest airport carpet installation.
Changi Airport's new Terminal 3 in Singapore officially opened last month, following a seven-year development programme.
The project was designed by Australian firm Woodhead, in conjunction with Wilson Associates Singapore, at a cost of AED 643 million. It will increase passenger capacity to 70 million.
The design brief for Woodhead was to create an area where passengers would "immediately get a sense of Singapore." The result is a mixture of natural design elements including a five-storey high Green Wall.
The vertical garden, or Green Wall, is comprised of a main steel structure holding five rows of horizontal planter boxes connected together with fine stainless steel cables. The planters house a variety of climbing and flowering plants, which are punctuated by a series of four cascading glass waterfalls," explained Stuart Truman, regional principal, Woodhead. The base of the wall features a 300°m long carved sandstone artwork entitled Rhythms of Nature.
The terminal is spread over 380,000 m² and boasts a mixture of flooring types including Giallo Dorado and Black Galaxy granite. It also includes the world's largest airport terminal carpet installation with over 100,000 m² of custom woven Axminster carpet from manufacturers Brintons. "To glimpse the magnitude of the task, this project required over 200,000 kilos of yarn, equivalent to the fleece from 65,000 sheep," said Jon Stone head of Brinton's Global Commercial Division.
According to Brinton's designer Samantha James the carpet designs were formed to create an "imagery of aerial landscapes." She explained: "The two main patterns are very large in scale, four metres by four metres to bring visual metaphors of fields and meadows to the large open spaces without a hint of tracking or lining.
A technologically advanced roof allows the terminal to run with little ambient lighting during the day. The design, by S.O.M New York office, incorporates a layout of glazed penetrations controlled by a computerised sun shading system.