Qatar's domestic LNG consumption up 80%

Qatar’s natural gas consumption has risen sharply in the last five years with domestic gas consumption up by 80%

Qatar's natural gas consumption is the highest in the GCC.
Qatar's natural gas consumption is the highest in the GCC.

Qatar's domestic gas consumption has grown by 80% - the highest in the region - in the last five years. 

The upsurge is driven by increasing demand for electricity and water, with electricity and water desalinisation sectors accounting for most of the natural gas consumption in Qatar.

According to BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2015 report, gas consumption in Qatar stood at 24.9 billion cubic meters (bcm) in 2009 which jumped to 44.8bcm in 2014.

Kuwait registered a growth of 69% in domestic gas consumption while gas consumption in Saudi Arabia grew by 38% during the same period. Gas consumption in the United Arab Emirates grew by 17% while consumption for other Middle East countries was 15% in the last five years, The Peninsula reports.

Qatar is the world’s largest exporter of liquefied natural gas (LNG), and ranks third in the world in terms of natural gas reserves, while holding about 13.1% of the world’s total proven gas reserves.

According to the Energy Information Administration, almost two-third of its exports go to Asia, with Japan and South Korea particularly important markets, and 30% to Europe.

The population has surged from 593,693 in 2000 to 2.29 million in August 2015, pushing up demand for gas consumption. With economic activity and the population growing at rapid rates, demand for power and water has also grown exponentially.

Figures from Qatar General Electricity & Water Corporation (Kahramaa) show that between 2008 and 2012 alone, electricity generated grew by over a third, from 21,616 GWh to 34,788 GWh.

Maximum demand also nearly doubled over the same period, from 3,990 MW to 6,255MW.

Per capita levels of electricity and water consumption is also high, with electricity usage per person at 43 KWh/day in September 2014 and water usage at 595 litres per day. In water, the rate of expansion was similar, with production up from 312m cu metres (mcm) to 437 mcm, while the number of customers went from 167,540 to 241,204, translating to 9.3 percent average annual growth. The consumption of gas in Qatar is likely to continue increasing as various power and water projects are planned.

5bcm in 2009 to 108.2bcm in 2014. Gas consumption in the UAE increased to 59.1bcm in 2009 to 69.3bcm in 2014. Gas consumption for other Middle East countries was 38.9bcm in 2009 which grew to 44.9bcm in 2014.

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