Easy access

New technology for access control systems is being constantly developed. Peter Ward examines the new products available and asks: what lies ahead for the security industry?

Genetec Inc., ANALYSIS, MEP

New technology for access control systems is being constantly developed. Peter Ward examines the new products available and asks: what lies ahead for the security industry?

Controlling the ins and outs is vital for any business - and this is true in both physical and monetary senses. It is rare now to enter a commercial building and walk straight in without passing a security check first and the most common form encountered is the access control system.

Bosch sales manager, access control Gaurav Mahajan reports that the access control market in the Middle East is currently worth around US $50-60 million (AED183-220 million). Compare this to the market value three years ago, $15-20 million, and the speed of expansion is clear.

Mahajan stresses: "The market has almost tripled in the last three years and we see it increasing further. People are becoming more and more aware [of the need to use security measures]."

Intelligent Biometric Solutions' chief operating officer Flavel Monteiro is also quick to stress the business potential in the region: "The market in the Middle East is brilliant because there is a boom [in construction] at this moment of time; there are new office and commercial buildings coming up [that will need security systems installed]."

Market challenges

There are challenges to the market however, the first being fierce competition; and the second, a lack of understanding from customers over the systems they need.

Genetec's Synergis product manager Jimmy Palatsoukas stresses that the importance of being informed works both ways: "In terms of installing access control products, like everywhere in the world [the challenge is] understanding the local regulations." He adds that having a good understanding of how local companies operate and tend to use the systems is also important.

Access control is a changing industry. As with most technical sectors, the market is constantly evolving and some products are rising in popularity while others fall out of favour. The current trend in the Middle East is for the use of card-based systems.

Mahajan estimates that 60-70% of systems currently sold in the GCC market are card-based. These systems can be split into two categories: traditional and smart cards.

Traditional cards are merely used to open doors and are currently facing a downturn in popularity. Instead, employers are looking towards the use of smart cards. These systems can be used to track when an employee enters and leaves the office, providing human resources assistance as well as security measures.

Future prospects

The future of the industry revolves around a concept that has been around for some time but has needed both popularity and perfecting of the technology in order for its practical implementation - biometrics.

Biometric solutions use genetic make-up such as fingerprints instead of cards to identify a person, making it much harder for someone to enter a building illegally. As Mahajan points out: "you can steal a card but you can't steal someone's finger". And it is this fact that has inspired the biometric solutions already installed in some buildings.

Several biometric products are now available in the market, including Intelligent Biometric Solutions' iGuard system, which combines biometrics and smart card access control and includes time and attendance features.

Product availability and choice is expected to increase in the near future. Bosch, for example, intends to launch its biometric products into the Middle East by the end of the year.

A further technology that is expected to be used in the future is iris scanning. Monteiro reveals: "We are looking at [introducing] iris scanning systems; they are in fact working on the principles in Hong Kong [for a system that combines] an iris scan with a biometric system and password-control."

Integrated access

CCTV cameras can also be combined with biometrics and smart card systems in order to further increase the security measures. "It can be as simple as monitoring one door with a camera and an access control terminal or reader. When people try to access the door they use their card then the camera takes snapshots for further identification," explains Axis Communications' regional sales manager Baraa Al Akkad.

"You can also integrate the data transaction of the access control system through the video to make sure that the right cardholder accessed the doors," he adds.

Such integration with other security systems and the central control of these solutions through a building management system (bms) is becoming commonplace in the market.

Monteiro explains: "If you use [iGuard] with a bms it works hand-in-hand [with other products in the security system] because the interface is very similar...we don't make cameras, but we can use those from different other companies, which work with [the iGuard system]."

Al Akkad also points out the move towards Internet protocol (IP) based solutions as the future of the industry. "Some of the advantages of IP surveillance solutions are flexibility, remote accessibility, user friendliness and ease of use," he explains.

"When you have digital IP solutions it is very easy to integrate them with other security products like access control and fire and alarm systems. These are big advantages over cctv and it is important for contractors or consultants to have those advantages that make their lives easier," adds Al Akkad.

Palatsoukas has also seen this shift, but forsees problems in the future. "One of the big things that we see is a lot of companies moving from traditional architectures to IP-based versions," states Palatsoukas.

"Our solution was built to IP [standards] from day one; a lot of [competitive products have] been traditionally-based and added a network adapter then called [the systems] IP, but in fact it's the software at the back end of the server that has to be able to scale IP and some of the products on the market haven't been built with that in mind," he warns.

Despite relatively low crime rates in the Middle East, companies will always have a better safe than sorry attitude. Combined with a rising number of buildings comes an increase in the number of doors - the majority of which will need access control systems.

The region's access control market is waiting for the wave of biometric solutions to hit it; once it does it seems that the sector will be changed forever, with firms either riding that particular wave of success or being swept away if they don't.

"In the next five years biometric technology is going to boom throughout the world," Mahajan concludes.

Forms of control


The iGuard Security Network Appliance from Intelligent Biometric Solutions can be used as a smart card-only system or a combined smart card and biometric fingerprint reader.

With the potential to cater for 20-20,000 users, it has a built-in web server that enables the use of pcs on a firm's corporate network to set up, access and maintain information on the system simultaneously at any time via an internet browser.

The iGuard analyses a person's fingerprint and checks it against a previously enrolled record. It then releases an electrical door lock if the fingerprint matches within a certain time.

The system can limit access to certain areas of a building and includes three built-in reports: access log, attendance report and a daily in/out report. It can be integrated with the fire alarm system so in the event of an emergency all of the doors will be automatically unlocked.


The AMC2 4W modular access controller from Bosch can be used to control up to four entrances. Designed to process the access logic data from identity card or biometric readers, status checks are carried out by eight analogue inputs. Eight relay outputs then activate the doors or security alarms depending on the results of this analysis.

The system includes a battery-buffered memory and compact flash storage element to store information so that it can still be used to carry out vital operations when it is offline.

In addition, the device features a LCD display, making it easier to program security options.


The Synergis Internet Protocol (IP) access control system from Genetec includes a unified security interface, IP cameras, IP readers, servers and a controller, all connected over an IP network.

The solution can be used to secure access for up to a million doors and can manage up to ten million cardholders. Real-time tracking of cardholders and doors, plus the control of lifts and visitor access are among the features offered.

Biometric readers can be included in the system and it can provide live video verification of a cardholder and be integrated into a building management system to work in co-ordination with intrusion detection, heating, ventilation and air conditioning (hvac) and human resource management systems.

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