UAE planners still face challenges designing sustainable social housing

Planners in the UAE are still facing challenges creating community driven and sustainable neighborhoods in the UAE, a recent study has found

Dr Khaled Galal Ahmed.
Dr Khaled Galal Ahmed.

Planners in the UAE are still facing challenges creating community driven and sustainable neighborhoods, a recent study has found.

Dr Khaled Galal Ahmed, associate professor of Architectural and Urban Design at UAEU’s College of Engineering at United Arab Emirates University (UAEU) explained in a recently-published paper that despite attempts to move away from traditional neighborhood templates, planners are still missing essential aspects to creating community driven social housing.

According to Ahmad, sustainability, connectivity, flexibility, and community participation must go hand-in-hand when creating sustainable and interconnected communities.  

He also stressed that communities should be more involved in shaping the design and character of their neighborhoods and ensuring they reflect the unique culture of the area where they live.

The study also highlights the fact that planners are still facing challenges because housing density is not compact enough, services and facilities are too far away from homes to encourage walking and cycling, and more innovative thinking is needed to be applied to the way houses are designed.

“The four major challenges facing the turn towards sustainable urban design in sustainability-oriented projects in the UAE are low density, lack of mixed use, lack of social mix, and lack of community participation,” he said.

The study focused on two social housing areas in Al Ain – seen as a model for green and sustainable UAE cities - one which followed a “conventional urban form”, the other adopting the “new sustainable design” which the UAE is looking to implement more widely. The aim was to identify obstacles to sustainability and how they can be addressed.

“In the last few years, the UAE has witnessed growing interest in sustainable development, as the country has adopted an agenda calling for achieving sustainability in all its development plans, including social housing,” said Ahmed.

“This policy of adopting a sustainable future agenda is currently reflected in social housing neighborhood design. Some limited pioneering projects have emerged lately, in which conventional neighborhood planning and urban design principles are being replaced by what are perceived to be more sustainable ones.”

Ahmed also suggested more models of neighborhood design should be studied to “pave the way for a futuristic urban design scenario that, if adopted, will lead to a more sustainable urban form of social housing in the UAE and other GCC, Arab, and Middle Eastern countries.”

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